5 Paragraph Cause And Effect Essay Examples

Below is an example of a 5-paragraph  “Effects Essay”.  Your first Cause or Effects Essay Quiz” is very soon thi.e. in June.

An “Effects Essay”

Topic: “The effects of having high absences for Foundation students at SCT”

Thesis Statement: _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Underline the topic sentences in each of the next 5 paragraphs.

Many foreign teachers are amazed at the number of absences that Omani students think are acceptable when they arrive here to college.  In most countries around the world, no students are allowed to miss more than two to five percent of their classes in a semester.  Students at SCT are permitted to miss up to  fifteen percent of their classes in a single semester.  There are many bad effects of missing too many classes at SCT. Here are the three most important bad effects of missing too many classes and not practicing enough English.

First, the most important reason that students hurt themselves when they don’t attend class is that they do not spend enough time speaking, writing, listening, reading, and practicing English language and vocabulary. When time-spent-practicing English per-student is too low, students cannot move from one level to the next in the Foundation program easily.  If they are lucky enough to pass to a higher level or even to pass all four levels in the Foundation English, the students have either cheated or depended too much on others to do their work, i.e. students are not passing exams and foundation levels through their own effort. So, the students are not becoming responsible adults, e.g. responsible for their own marks or grades.

Second, because it is often true that students who do not attend classes regularly at the Foundation level either cheat or depend on others to do their work for them, these same students have trouble in all of their Post-Foundations courses, too.   Students have trouble in their post-foundation courses because their English skills and math skills are weak.  Soon they may not pass the other SCT courses nor get good grades.  This means that the recommendations from professors will not be very good.  That will make it harder to find a job.

Third, because of low attendance and other bad study habits, some students actually will either leave SCT during the Foundation or Post-Foundation period.   Others will continue to fail too many exams.  Others simply will miss too many classes. Others give up hope and stop going to college.  Many of these students then have trouble getting the career or jobs that they have dreamt of getting. This is very sad or tragic.

In conclusion, attendance is very important for students at SCT, but too many students do not take attendance nor practice of English and study of English or math seriously.   It is very important for students to have high attendance rates and to spend as much time practicing English (and math) regularly.  I believe that both in the Foundation level and in the Post-Foundation level students must have good attendance and good study habits.


Below is an example of a 5-paragraph  “Cause Essay”.  Your first Cause or Effects Essay Quiz” is on 30th of January.

A “Cause Essay”

Topic: “The causes of poor grades  or marks for some students at SCT”

Thesis Statement: _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Underline the topic sentences in each of the next 5 paragraphs.

Some days ago, I met an 80 year-old Omani.  The man had never gone to school but he had learnt many things.  He could write in Arabic and read the Koran.  He had learnt to be a carpenter and a mason.  Later, after he was older, he learnt to drive and then drove trucks and taxis.  I asked him why he thought many of my students at SCT don’t seem to learn or do not want to try and learn English very well.  The older man said that there are many reasons why young Omani’s do not study or like to learn many things as people in his generation had to do.

First of all, the older man said that too many young Omanis get too much given to them from their parents. The old Omani explained that, for example, if a young boy wants a car, the father often gives it to him. Later, in college, this may mean that when the same young man asks for help on his homework, too, that he believes that someone should simply give it to him, i.e. without him really studying or learning to study.

Second, the 80 year-old said that young people often don’t have the patience that many in his generation had learnt. For example, when he was young and he needed money, he learnt step-by-step to work as a carpenter and later as a mason.  First, he watched the others work.  Next, he tried it and asked for help. It took time. The man had to learn to work with simple tools and simple designs before he tried more difficult ones.  As a truck driver, too, he first learnt to drive slow and safely before he later drove many kilometers to Abu Dhabi, to Qatar, and to Kuwait. However, nowadays, students and young drivers are looking to go too fast and take dangerous shortcuts.   In education this often means cheating or paying someone else to study or to help them. Others get a friend in class to do work for them rather than listening to teacher in class and asking questions.

Finally, some young people simply do not know what is important or don’t know what they want. They are disorganized with their lives. Until the student knows why he studies or what he wants when he studies, the student will not be organized.  The student will waste time on this or that instead of taking time to do what he really needs to do. Perhaps, if young people work in groups or have better advice from others,  they will be able to organize their lives and make better decisions.

In conclusion, the 80 year-old Omani from Dahariz believes that young people have basically three problems when learning.  First, sometimes, they are given too much and because of this, they don’t learn to try hard enough on their own. Second, some people are trying to go too fast without learning the patience to do things step-by-step  (or slowly-but-surely). Third, some people need ask for advice and direction from others about how to organize their time, study habits and lives better. I think this is all great advice for Omani students and youth.

Finally, identify and number the supporting ideas in paragraphs 2, 3, and 4.

Like this:



Remember when that annoying light came on while you were driving home last night? Turns out it really did serve a purpose—to tell you one of your tires was low.

Unfortunately, you ignored the warning light. Unfortunately, you missed class because of your flat tire this morning. Because you missed class, you failed a quiz.

This is a perfect example of cause and effect.

The problem: Another light appeared on your dashboard.

The cause: Low air pressure in a tire.

The effects: You missed class. Because you missed class, you didn’t realize there would be a quiz next week, and you failed the quiz.

Writing an effective cause and effect essay isn’t that different from the facts of this scenario. You’ll outline the causes, the effects, or both the causes and effects of a specific problem or issue.

To better illustrate this, let’s take a look at the basics of this essay type before we dive into two cause and effect essay examples.

Basic Training: Cause and Effect Essays

In order to understand how to write a good cause and effect essay, you need to know four basic points.

#1 Know the purpose of the assignment

In order to write an effective essay, you need to follow your professor’s guidelines.

If your topic is childhood obesity, are you supposed to write about the causes, the effects, or about both the causes and effects of childhood obesity?

Paying attention to guidelines really does make a difference in your grade! Know what you’re supposed to be writing before you begin.

#2 Draft a thesis statement

The thesis statement will establish the focus for your paper. In a cause and effect essay, your thesis should let readers know if you’re writing about causes, effects, or both.

Check out these examples:

Thesis statements about obesity might look like one of these.

If the focus of your paper is the causes of obesity, your thesis statement might be something like this:

Children today are increasingly overweight primarily due to overconsumption of highly processed foods.

If the focus of your paper is the effects of obesity, your thesis statement might be something like this:

The recent increase in childhood obesity has resulted in children suffering from numerous health problems, including high blood pressure, elevated cholesterol, and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

If the focus of your paper is both causes and effects of obesity, your thesis statement might be something like this:

Due to overconsumption of highly processed foods, childhood obesity is becoming epidemic and leaving children with numerous health problems, such as high blood pressure, elevated cholesterol, and increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

#3 Organize evidence

If you start writing with a jumbled mess of thoughts in your head, your paper is likely going to end up a jumbled mess.

Organize your ideas by starting with a simple chart like this (fancy colors optional, of course). It’s a quick way to list information before you actually begin writing.

You may not end up using all of the causes and effects listed in your chart. But by listing as many as you can think of, you’ll be able to choose the best options for your paper.

#4 Use transitions

Readers need to be able to see how you’re connecting ideas. Move from one idea to the next by using the right transitions and transition sentences.

Here’s a list of transitions you might use in your own cause and effect paper:

  • due to
  • since
  • because
  • if…then
  • consequently
  • as a result
  • therefore
  • so
  • thus

And for nearly endless transitional possibilities, check out 97 Transition Words for Essays You Need to Know.

With basic training complete, let’s take a look at two cause and effect essay examples. Then you can see what these elements look like in an actual paper.

2 Cause and Effect Essay Examples That Will Cause a Stir

Essay Example #1: Examining Childhood Obesity

This essay  causes a stir not because it’s an amazing paper but because it’s still in need of some revision.

It’s a good start to a cause and effect essay but struggles to get it right.

The essay does provide an overview of the topic, lists causes and effects, and uses transitions. But it has its share of concerns too.

One of the key problems in the introductions is the lack of a thesis statement. At the end of the first paragraph, it does have a broad overview. However, it lacks the specificity of a strong thesis statement.

The body of the paper struggles with organization. It does includes a lot of ideas and research. But it doesn’t quite organize and develop them.

While the paper uses transitions to link ideas, it goes overboard. It includes transitions to link lists of statements rather than introduce fully developed arguments.

Finally, the conclusion is almost non-existent. A Works Cited is also missing.

Hopefully that helps you avoid some of these issues in your own essay. Now let’s dive into the second of our two cause and effect essay examples.

Essay Example #2: The Negative Effects of Technology

Though this paper struggles a bit with organization, it does include a clear thesis, use of transitions to link ideas, and a basic discussion of the negative effects of technology.

Note that this paper uses evidence from sources to support ideas but doesn’t always use proper in-text citations and does not include a Works Cited. Both of these are required in MLA format.

Training Complete

Congratulations! Your basic training using cause and effect essay examples is complete.

Now that you know the basic components of a cause and effect essay and can spot them in a sample essay, it’s time to put pen to paper (or fingers to keyboard).

Remember the weak elements in the cause and effect essay examples as you write your own essay to make yours shine.

If you’ve drafted some causes and effects to your topic but are stumped as to how to put them into essay format, try outlining. (Read How to Write a 5-Paragraph Essay Outline.)

After you’ve outlined and have a complete draft, send your paper to a Kibin editor to make sure your paper is in good shape!

Psst... 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays.

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