Body Planes Directions And Cavities Assignment Sheet Printable

  • 1. 

    Which plane is indicated in RED?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 2. 

    Which plane is indicated in BLUE?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 3. 

    Which plane is indicated in GREEN?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 4. 

    The areas on the front and back of the hand are _________ and _______ respectively

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 5. 

    The areas of the hand which are closer to the body are referred to as _____ and those further away are referred to as ______ respectively.

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

  • 6. 

    The Transverse Plane divide the body into  _______ and  ______ portionschoose the MOST correct answer below

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 7. 

    The Sagittal plane divides the body into ____ and _____ . The terms used to describe the distance to this dividing plane are ______ and ______.

    • A. 

      Back and front, medial and lateral

    • B. 

      Front and back, posterior and anterior

    • C. 

      Left and right, medial and lateral

    • D. 

      Left and right, posterior and anterior

    • E. 

      Left and right, upper and lower

  • 8. 

    The coronal plane divides the body into _____ and _____ portions.

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 9. 

    The terms used to describe areas that are, for instance, close to the surface of the skin or further inside the body are ______ and _______ .

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • Anatomy and Physiology For Dummies Cheat Sheet

    From Anatomy and Physiology For Dummies, 3rd Edition

    By Maggie Norris, Donna Rae Siegfried

    The human body is a beautiful and efficient system well worth study. In order to study and talk about anatomy and physiology, you need to be familiar with standard anatomical positions and terms, as well as the various planes, cavities, and organ systems that make up the physical form.

    The Anatomical Position

    To describe or talk about human anatomy, you need to start from an agreed-upon view of the human body. Anatomical position for the human form is the figure standing upright, eyes looking forward, upper extremities at the sides of the body with palms turned out.

    Anatomical Terms

    When you’re talking anatomy in a scientific way, everyday words such as front, back, side, above, and below just aren’t precise enough. Instead use the terms in the following list:

    • Anterior or ventral: Toward the front of the body
    • Posterior or dorsal: Toward the back of the body
    • Superior: A part above another part
    • Inferior: A part below another part
    • Medial: Toward the midline (median plane) of the body
    • Lateral: Away from the midline of the body; toward the sides
    • Proximal: Toward the point of attachment to the body
    • Distal: Away from the point of attachment to the body
    • Deep: Toward the inside of the body
    • Superficial: Toward the outside of the body
    • Parietal: A membrane that covers an internal body wall
    • Visceral: A membrane that covers an organ

    Also remember that right and left are that of the patient, not the observer.

    Anatomical Planes of the Body

    You may not think about the planes of your body much, but you have them nonetheless, and if you’re talking anatomy, knowing the names of the planes comes in handy. (Too bad sagittal and transverse don’t lend themselves to song as easily as rain and Spain do.) The main planes and their subplanes are in the following list:

    • Sagittal: The plane that runs down through the body, dividing the body into left and right portions. Subsections of the sagittal plane include

      • Midsagittal: Runs through the median plane and divides along the line of symmetry

      • Parasagittal: Parallel to the midline but does not divide into equal left and right portions

    • Frontal (coronal): The plane that runs perpendicular to the sagittal plane and divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions

    • Transverse: Horizontal plane that divides the body into upper and lower portions; also called cross-section

    Anatomical Body Cavities

    Medical and crime shows have made body cavities all too familiar, and anatomically speaking, these spaces are very important, providing housing and protection for vital organs. The following list identifies the cavities and subcavities of the human body:

    • Dorsal cavity: Bones of the cranial portion of the skull and vertebral column, toward the posterior (dorsal) side of the body

      • Cranial cavity: Contains the brain

      • Spinal cavity: Contains the spinal cord, which is an extension of the brain

    • Ventral cavity: Anterior portion of the torso; divided by the diaphragm into the thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity

    • Thoracic cavity: The chest; contains the trachea, bronchi, lungs, esophagus, heart and great blood vessels, thymus gland, lymph nodes, and nerve,. as well as the following smaller cavities:

      • Pleural cavities: Surround each lung

      • Pericardial cavity: Contains the heart. The pleural cavities flank the pericardial cavity.

    • Abdominopelvic cavity: An imaginary line running across the hipbones and dividing the body into the abdominal and pelvic cavities:

      • Abdominal cavity: Contains the stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, small intestines, and most of the large intestine

      • Pelvic cavity: Contains the end of the large intestine, rectum, urinary bladder, and internal reproductive organs

    Anatomical Organ Systems

    If you’re talking anatomy and physiology, you’re talking about the human body and its organs. The 11 systems in the following table provide the means for every human activity — from breathing to eating to moving to reproducing:

    SystemWhat the System IncludesWhat the System Does
    IntegumentarySkin and its accessoriesProtects underlying tissues, regulates body temperature
    SkeletalBones and connective tissuesProvides framework, protects underlying soft tissues, produces blood cells
    MuscularSkeletal, smooth, and cardiac musclePowers movement, maintains posture, generates heat
    NervousBrain, spinal cord, nerves, sensory organs and cellsCommunicates via impulse, integrates functions of other body systems
    EndocrinePituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenals glands; pancreas; ovaries; and testesCommunicates via hormones
    CardiovascularHeart, blood vessels, and bloodTransports materials throughout body
    LymphaticTonsils, spleen, thymus, lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, and lymphProvides immunity, filters tissue fluid
    DigestiveMouth, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines (alimentary canal), and accessory organs (including salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder)Obtains nutrients from food
    RespiratoryNose and mouth, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungsPerforms gas exchange with blood (oxygen in, carbon dioxide out)
    UrinaryKidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethraFilters waste from the blood for excretion, retains water
    ReproductiveOvaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, and vulva in females; testes, seminal vesicles, penis, urethra, prostate, and bulbourethral glands in malesProduces offspring

     

     

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